The Hog1 MAP kinase pathway and the Mec1 DNA damage checkpoint pathway independently control the cellular responses to hydrogen peroxide

Edwin Haghnazari, Wolf Dietrich Heyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The DNA damage checkpoint pathway and the MAP kinase pathway respond to various forms of environmental as well as endogenous stresses through signal transduction mechanisms involving protein kinases. Both pathways are intertwined in mammalian cells, but potential crosstalk between these two pathways in budding yeast has not been examined yet. We show that the Rad53 checkpoint kinase and the Hog1 MAP kinase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae become phosphorylated upon exposure to hydrogen peroxide, indicative of activation of the DNA damage checkpoint and MAP kinase pathways in response to oxidative stress. Rad53 kinase is equally activated in wild type and in hog1-Δ cells. Likewise, the activation of Hog1 MAP kinase is not dependent on Mec1 kinase, the central checkpoint kinase in budding yeast. Mutants in either pathway are sensitive to hydrogen peroxide and the double mutants exhibit a near perfectly additive phenotype. These data demonstrate that the DNA damage checkpoint pathway and the MAP kinase pathway respond to oxidative stress independently of each other and suggest that these two stress signaling pathways are activated by different types of insults induced by hydrogen peroxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-776
Number of pages8
JournalDNA Repair
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2004

Keywords

  • DNA damage checkpoint
  • Hog1
  • MAP kinase
  • Mec1
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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