The RNA of a diabetogenic variant of encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus (D variant, ifp- phenotype) and a nondiabetogenic variant of EMC virus (B variant, ifp+ phenotype) which were derived from the same virus stock (M strain) have been compared. The size of both genomes is estimated at 7.7 kb. The poly(C) tract of EMC-D is estimated at 144 bases, whereas that of EMC-B is 141 bases in length. The untranslated 5′ terminal 103 nucleotides are identical for B and D with preservation of a stable terminal hairpin structure. The entire open reading frame of both variants has been cloned and the restriction maps of 12 different enzymes are identical. These maps were compared to a computer-generated restriction map of another strain of EMC virus which has been cloned and sequenced by Palmenberg et al. (1984, Nucleic Acids Res. 12, 2969-2985). Approximately 50% of the restriction sites of the B and D variants had similar locations in this strain of EMC. We conclude that significant genetic variation exists between the M strain (B and D variants) and the Palmenberg strain of EMC virus. However, the B and D variants are very similar at the molecular level and comparison of their nucleotide sequences will be necessary to reveal the basis for their different biological properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases