The genetics of human autoimmune disease

Pietro Invernizzi, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autoimmune diseases are known to have a multifactorial pathogenesis, with both environmental and inherited components. Wide technical progresses together with the completion of the sequencing of human genome have recently allowed the identification of new genetic risk variants in many autoimmune disorders. While part of these studies confirmed previous knowledge, most of the data has disclosed novel and unsuspected roles in the development of autoimmunity for molecules involved in various pathogenic pathways. After the current first wave of data from high-density genome-wide studies, we now need to further characterize these genetic factors and find additional ones, possibly among rare variants. In addition, a role for sex chromosomes in the development of autoimmune diseases has also been suggested. This review will focus on the recent discoveries related to genetics of autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-299
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume33
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Etiopathogenesis
  • Female preponderance
  • Genetic factors
  • Genome-wide association study
  • Sex chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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