p53 regulates an array of target genes, which mediates p53 tumor suppression by inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and cell survival. G protein-coupled receptors belong to a superfamily of cell surface molecules and are known to regulate cell proliferation, migration, and survival. Here, we found that G protein-coupled receptor 87 (GPR87) was upregulated by p53 and by DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner. We also found that p53 directly regulated GPR87 potentially via a p53-responsive element in the GPR87 gene. To investigate the role of GPR87 in the p53 pathway, we generated multiple RKO and MCF7 cell lines in that GPR87 can be inducibly overexpressed or knocked down by a tetracyclineinducible system. We found that overexpression of GPR87 had little effect on cell growth. However, GPR87 knockdown sensitized cancer cells to DNA damage-induced growth suppression via enhanced p53 stabilization and activation. Importantly, the prosurvival activity of GPR87 can be reversed by knockdown of p53. Together, our results suggested that GPR87 is essential for p53-dependent cell survival in response to DNA damage. Thus, due to its expression on the cell surface and its role in cell survival, GPR87 may be explored as a novel therapeutic target for cancer treatment and prevention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research