The adult acquired flatfoot deformity is characterized by flattening of the medial longitudinal arch with insufficiency of the supporting posteromedial soft tissue structures of the ankle and hindfoot. While the etiology of this deformity can be arthritic or traumatic in nature, it is most commonly associated with posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). By one estimate, PTTD affects approximately five million people in the United States. The clinical presentation of adult flatfoot can range from a flexible deformity with normal joint integrity to a rigid, arthritic foot.
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