The feeding behaviour of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis mouse models is modulated by the Ca2+-activated KCa3.1 channels

Germana Cocozza, Stefano Garofalo, Marta Morotti, Giuseppina Chece, Alfonso Grimaldi, Mario Lecce, Ferdinando Scavizzi, Rossella Menghini, Viviana Casagrande, Massimo Federici, Marcello Raspa, Heike Wulff, Cristina Limatola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients exhibit dysfunctional energy metabolism and weight loss, which is negatively correlated with survival, together with neuroinflammation. However, the possible contribution of neuroinflammation to deregulations of feeding behaviour in ALS has not been studied in detail. We here investigated if microglial KCa3.1 is linked to hypothalamic neuroinflammation and affects feeding behaviours in ALS mouse models. Experimental Approach: hSOD1G93A and TDP43A315T mice were treated daily with 120 mg·kg−1 of TRAM-34 or vehicle by intraperitoneal injection from the presymptomatic until the disease onset phase. Body weight and food intake were measured weekly. The later by weighing food provided minus that left in the cage. RT-PCR and immunofluorescence analysis were used to characterize microglia phenotype and the main populations of melanocortin neurons in the hypothalamus of hSOD1G93A and age-matched non-tg mice. The cannabinoid–opioid interactions in feeding behaviour of hSOD1G93A mice were studied using an inverse agonist and an antagonist of the cannabinoid receptor CB1 (rimonabant) and μ-opioid receptors (naloxone), respectively. Key Results: We found that treatment of hSOD1G93A mice with the KCa3.1 inhibitor TRAM-34 (i), attenuates the pro-inflammatory phenotype of hypothalamic microglia, (ii) increases food intake and promotes weight gain, (iii) increases the number of healthy pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons and (iv), changes the expression of cannabinoid receptors involved in energy homeostasis. Conclusion and Implications: Using ALS mouse models, we describe defects in the hypothalamic melanocortin system that affect appetite control. These results reveal a new regulatory role for KCa3.1 to counteract weight loss in ALS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • CSF
  • hypothalamus feeding behaviour
  • ion channels
  • microglia
  • neurodegenerative disease
  • neuroinflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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