We report the efficacy and toxicity of combined cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine for the treatment of metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in 50 evaluable patients. Of these 50 patients 17 had not undergone cystectomy and had residual invasive bladder cancer. Of these 17 patients 11 had complete response of the bladder lesions following cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine for metastatic disease, including 6 of 12 treated by cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine alone, and 5 of 5 treated with cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine plus palliative or preoperative pelvic irradiation. Complete response was confirmed in 10 of the 11 patients by endoscopy and biopsy, and in 1 by cystectomy. One patient whose liver metastasis responded to cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine had conversion to complete response by cystectomy for persistent bladder cancer. Of these 17 patients 7 are alive, including 5 without disease, 4 to 41 months after treatment. The bladder appears to be responsive to this combination chemotherapy for invasive transitional cell carcinoma. This experience underscores the need for regular pathological re-staging of the bladder cancer in patients receiving chemotherapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Urology|
|State||Published - 1985|
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