The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism

John A. Heit, Frederick A. Spencer, Richard H White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

223 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is categorized by the U.S. Surgeon General as a major public health problem. VTE is relatively common and associated with reduced survival and substantial health-care costs, and recurs frequently. VTE is a complex (multifactorial) disease, involving interactions between acquired or inherited predispositions to thrombosis and VTE risk factors, including increasing patient age and obesity, hospitalization for surgery or acute illness, nursing-home confinement, active cancer, trauma or fracture, immobility or leg paresis, superficial vein thrombosis, and, in women, pregnancy and puerperium, oral contraception, and hormone therapy. Although independent VTE risk factors and predictors of VTE recurrence have been identified, and effective primary and secondary prophylaxis is available, the occurrence of VTE seems to be relatively constant, or even increasing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Venous Thromboembolism
Epidemiology
Thrombosis
Paresis
Nursing Homes
Contraception
Health Care Costs
Postpartum Period
Veins
Leg
Hospitalization
Public Health
Obesity
Hormones
Recurrence
Pregnancy
Survival
Wounds and Injuries
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism. / Heit, John A.; Spencer, Frederick A.; White, Richard H.

In: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 3-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heit, John A. ; Spencer, Frederick A. ; White, Richard H. / The epidemiology of venous thromboembolism. In: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. 2016 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 3-14.
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