The epidemiology of bovine respiratory disease: What is the evidence for preventive measures?

Jared D. Taylor, Robert W. Fulton, Terry W Lehenbauer, Douglas L. Step, Anthony W. Confer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most common and costly disease of beef cattle in North America. Despite extensive research, industry practices are often more informed by dogma than by fact. Frequently advocated interventions, including vaccination, various processing procedures, and nutritional manipulation, have limited impact on morbidity and mortality. Evidence for use of oral antimicrobials, either in feed or water, appears to be equivocal. In contrast, preconditioning and metaphylaxis have significant scientific evidence of efficacy, with weaning prior to sale potentially being the most important component of preconditioning. The inability to reach more definitive conclusions in preventing BRD may be attributable to difficulties in investigating the disease. Study challenges include potential for extensive confounding, tremendous variability, the multi-factorial nature of the disease, and inadequate methods for diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1351-1359
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Veterinary Journal
Volume51
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2010

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Cattle Diseases
bovine respiratory disease
epidemiology
Epidemiology
beef cattle
sales
morbidity
mouth
weaning
anti-infective agents
vaccination
North America
Weaning
industry
Industry
Vaccination
Morbidity
Mortality
Water
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

The epidemiology of bovine respiratory disease : What is the evidence for preventive measures? / Taylor, Jared D.; Fulton, Robert W.; Lehenbauer, Terry W; Step, Douglas L.; Confer, Anthony W.

In: Canadian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 51, No. 12, 12.2010, p. 1351-1359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taylor, Jared D. ; Fulton, Robert W. ; Lehenbauer, Terry W ; Step, Douglas L. ; Confer, Anthony W. / The epidemiology of bovine respiratory disease : What is the evidence for preventive measures?. In: Canadian Veterinary Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 51, No. 12. pp. 1351-1359.
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