The Epidemiology of Air Pollution and Childhood Lung Diseases

Rakesh Ghosh, Irva Hertz-Picciotto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Air pollution is omnipresent and studies in the last two decades or more have consistently associated it with adverse health outcomes. Children are particularly vulnerable because their organ systems are still developing and their protective mechanisms are not fully developed. In order to protect public health, the World Health Organization and different national regulatory authorities have set ambient air quality standards. However, there is evidence that such standards may not be adequate because the levels at which air pollutants are associated with respiratory health outcomes are sometimes much lower than the regulatory standards. To date the evidence of a causal relation between air pollution and asthma exacerbation is most convincing. Studies have also demonstrated a relationship between air pollution and new onset asthma, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis but arguably the evidence is not sufficient to draw a definitive causal relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Lung: Development, Aging and the Environment: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages423-437
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780127999418
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2014

Keywords

  • Asthma exacerbation
  • Asthma onset
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Bronchitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ghosh, R., & Hertz-Picciotto, I. (2014). The Epidemiology of Air Pollution and Childhood Lung Diseases. In The Lung: Development, Aging and the Environment: Second Edition (pp. 423-437). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-799941-8.00024-9