The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children

P. J. Hadfield, M. A. Birchall, V. Novelli, C. M. Bailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study identified the ENT symptoms of 66 HIV infected children over an 8 year period (1986-1993) at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. The incidence, nature and age of onset of ENT symptoms were investigated; 91% of the children had ENT symptoms, the most common being cervical lymphadenopathy, oro-oesophageal candidiasis and otitis media. The HIV infected children suffered from the common ENT diseases of childhood. They also presented with specific conditions such as diffuse parotid swelling. Therefore, their clinical features differed from HIV infected adults as well as non-infected children. An increasing incidence of paediatric HIV infection was demonstrated by the study. Most were due to vertical transmission. ENT surgeons are likely to see more HIV infected children in future, either with the usual ENT diseases of childhood (to which they seem more susceptible) or with HIV-specific conditions. Although the diagnosis of HIV may be known, the ENT condition could be the initial presentation suggestive of immunodeficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
Volume21
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

HIV Infections
HIV
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Homeless Youth
Candidiasis
Incidence
Otitis Media
Age of Onset
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Candidiasis
  • Cervical lymphadenopathy
  • Children
  • ENT
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Hadfield, P. J., Birchall, M. A., Novelli, V., & Bailey, C. M. (1996). The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences, 21(1), 30-36.

The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children. / Hadfield, P. J.; Birchall, M. A.; Novelli, V.; Bailey, C. M.

In: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1996, p. 30-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hadfield, PJ, Birchall, MA, Novelli, V & Bailey, CM 1996, 'The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children', Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 30-36.
Hadfield PJ, Birchall MA, Novelli V, Bailey CM. The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences. 1996;21(1):30-36.
Hadfield, P. J. ; Birchall, M. A. ; Novelli, V. ; Bailey, C. M. / The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children. In: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences. 1996 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 30-36.
@article{f7b47fd1bc0842008fa2ee70c7c6497f,
title = "The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children",
abstract = "This study identified the ENT symptoms of 66 HIV infected children over an 8 year period (1986-1993) at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. The incidence, nature and age of onset of ENT symptoms were investigated; 91{\%} of the children had ENT symptoms, the most common being cervical lymphadenopathy, oro-oesophageal candidiasis and otitis media. The HIV infected children suffered from the common ENT diseases of childhood. They also presented with specific conditions such as diffuse parotid swelling. Therefore, their clinical features differed from HIV infected adults as well as non-infected children. An increasing incidence of paediatric HIV infection was demonstrated by the study. Most were due to vertical transmission. ENT surgeons are likely to see more HIV infected children in future, either with the usual ENT diseases of childhood (to which they seem more susceptible) or with HIV-specific conditions. Although the diagnosis of HIV may be known, the ENT condition could be the initial presentation suggestive of immunodeficiency.",
keywords = "AIDS, Candidiasis, Cervical lymphadenopathy, Children, ENT, HIV",
author = "Hadfield, {P. J.} and Birchall, {M. A.} and V. Novelli and Bailey, {C. M.}",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "30--36",
journal = "Clinical Otolaryngology",
issn = "1749-4478",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The ENT manifestations of HIV infection in children

AU - Hadfield, P. J.

AU - Birchall, M. A.

AU - Novelli, V.

AU - Bailey, C. M.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - This study identified the ENT symptoms of 66 HIV infected children over an 8 year period (1986-1993) at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. The incidence, nature and age of onset of ENT symptoms were investigated; 91% of the children had ENT symptoms, the most common being cervical lymphadenopathy, oro-oesophageal candidiasis and otitis media. The HIV infected children suffered from the common ENT diseases of childhood. They also presented with specific conditions such as diffuse parotid swelling. Therefore, their clinical features differed from HIV infected adults as well as non-infected children. An increasing incidence of paediatric HIV infection was demonstrated by the study. Most were due to vertical transmission. ENT surgeons are likely to see more HIV infected children in future, either with the usual ENT diseases of childhood (to which they seem more susceptible) or with HIV-specific conditions. Although the diagnosis of HIV may be known, the ENT condition could be the initial presentation suggestive of immunodeficiency.

AB - This study identified the ENT symptoms of 66 HIV infected children over an 8 year period (1986-1993) at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children. The incidence, nature and age of onset of ENT symptoms were investigated; 91% of the children had ENT symptoms, the most common being cervical lymphadenopathy, oro-oesophageal candidiasis and otitis media. The HIV infected children suffered from the common ENT diseases of childhood. They also presented with specific conditions such as diffuse parotid swelling. Therefore, their clinical features differed from HIV infected adults as well as non-infected children. An increasing incidence of paediatric HIV infection was demonstrated by the study. Most were due to vertical transmission. ENT surgeons are likely to see more HIV infected children in future, either with the usual ENT diseases of childhood (to which they seem more susceptible) or with HIV-specific conditions. Although the diagnosis of HIV may be known, the ENT condition could be the initial presentation suggestive of immunodeficiency.

KW - AIDS

KW - Candidiasis

KW - Cervical lymphadenopathy

KW - Children

KW - ENT

KW - HIV

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030070950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030070950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8674220

AN - SCOPUS:0030070950

VL - 21

SP - 30

EP - 36

JO - Clinical Otolaryngology

JF - Clinical Otolaryngology

SN - 1749-4478

IS - 1

ER -