The efficacy of anaerobic digestion in inactivating pathogen indicator Escherichia coli levels in flushed dairy manure

Yi Wang, Pramod Pandey

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In the U.S., more than 2×1012 kg of dairy waste is generated annually, which can be a potential feedstock for producing renewable energy source such as biogas. The use of granules as an inoculum is reported to accelerate these processes, and biogas production. The goal of this study is to understand the impact of anaerobic digestion process on flushed dairy manure-borne Escherichia coli reductions and biogas production. A series of anaerobic experiments were performed using the flushed manure inoculated with granule inoculum. The anaerobic digestion batch experiments were performed at multiple temperatures including room temperature (∼ 22 °C), 37 °C, and 55 °C. Results showed that under room temperature, no significant reduction of E.coli concentration was found at the end of 33 days compared with the initial condition. In 37 °C, E.coli concentration was reduced substantially on day 7 and subsequently low levels of E. coli was observed. At 55 °C, E. coli reduction was considerable higher than that of at room temperature and 37 °C within 24 hours of digestion. In addition to E. coli levels, biogas composition was measured using a gas chromatography (GC) with Flame Ionization Detector (FID) and Electron Capture Detector (ECD). CO2 concentration was relatively consistent over the time of digestion. Granule inoculum significantly enhanced methane concentration. Methane concentration was higher when the temperature is increased. We anticipate that this preliminary study provides information with regards to pathogen indicator survival during anaerobic digestion of flushed manure, and changes in biogas content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event2017 ASABE Annual International Meeting - Spokane, United States
Duration: Jul 16 2017Jul 19 2017

Other

Other2017 ASABE Annual International Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySpokane
Period7/16/177/19/17

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Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biogas
  • Dairy waste
  • E. coli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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