Many transcriptional regulators can stimulate or repress gene expression depending on the cellular or genetic contexts. Thus dexamethasone increases the amount of α-fetoprotein mRNA in Morris rat hepatoma derived cell line McA-RH 8994 cells, but decreases it in McA-RH 7777 cells. In the present study, we demonstrated that retinoic acid, whose receptors belong to the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor gene family, also enhanced the expression of α-fetoprotein and albumin gene in McA-RH 8994 cells, but had no effect on α-fetoprotein gene expression in McA-RH 7777 cells. In contrast to the effect of dexamethasone on the α-fetoprotein gene expression, which requires ongoing protein synthesis, cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, enhanced the effect of retinoic acid. Actinomycin D inhibited the retinoic acid mediated increase in α-fetoprotein and albumin mRNA expression. Since the McA-RH 8994 cells did not express retinoic acid receptor β mRNA, the observed regulatory effects of retinoic acid on α-fetoprotein and albumin gene expression were not mediated through retinoic acid receptor β. We also conclude that the regulation was at the level of transcription and that retinoic acid and dexamethasone probably regulate the expression of liver specific genes through different mechanisms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology