The effects of nutrition knowledge on food label use. A review of the literature

Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Diana L Cassady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition information but is typically underutilized by consumers. This review examined whether consumer nutrition knowledge is important for communication of nutrition information through labels on packaged foods. A cognitive processing model posits that consumers with prior knowledge are more likely to use label information effectively, that is, focus on salient information, understand information, and make healthful decisions based on this information. Consistent with this model, the review found that nutrition knowledge provides support for food label use. However, nutrition knowledge measures varied widely in terms of the dimensions they included and the extensiveness of the assessment. Relatively few studies investigated knowledge effects on the use of ingredient lists and claims, compared to nutrition facts labels. We also found an overreliance on convenience samples relying on younger adults, limiting our understanding of how knowledge supports food label use in later life. Future research should 1) investigate which dimensions, or forms, of nutrition knowledge are most critical to food label use and dietary decision making and 2) determine whether increases in nutrition knowledge can promote great use of nutrition information on food labels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalAppetite
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

Food
Young Adult
Decision Making
Communication

Keywords

  • Claims
  • Food label use
  • Ingredient lists
  • Nutrition knowledge
  • Nutrition labels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The effects of nutrition knowledge on food label use. A review of the literature. / Miller, Lisa M Soederberg; Cassady, Diana L.

In: Appetite, Vol. 92, 01.09.2015, p. 207-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{74730508b2f645a4a2f24cdbd515ff9d,
title = "The effects of nutrition knowledge on food label use. A review of the literature",
abstract = "Nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition information but is typically underutilized by consumers. This review examined whether consumer nutrition knowledge is important for communication of nutrition information through labels on packaged foods. A cognitive processing model posits that consumers with prior knowledge are more likely to use label information effectively, that is, focus on salient information, understand information, and make healthful decisions based on this information. Consistent with this model, the review found that nutrition knowledge provides support for food label use. However, nutrition knowledge measures varied widely in terms of the dimensions they included and the extensiveness of the assessment. Relatively few studies investigated knowledge effects on the use of ingredient lists and claims, compared to nutrition facts labels. We also found an overreliance on convenience samples relying on younger adults, limiting our understanding of how knowledge supports food label use in later life. Future research should 1) investigate which dimensions, or forms, of nutrition knowledge are most critical to food label use and dietary decision making and 2) determine whether increases in nutrition knowledge can promote great use of nutrition information on food labels.",
keywords = "Claims, Food label use, Ingredient lists, Nutrition knowledge, Nutrition labels",
author = "Miller, {Lisa M Soederberg} and Cassady, {Diana L}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.appet.2015.05.029",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "92",
pages = "207--216",
journal = "Appetite",
issn = "0195-6663",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of nutrition knowledge on food label use. A review of the literature

AU - Miller, Lisa M Soederberg

AU - Cassady, Diana L

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition information but is typically underutilized by consumers. This review examined whether consumer nutrition knowledge is important for communication of nutrition information through labels on packaged foods. A cognitive processing model posits that consumers with prior knowledge are more likely to use label information effectively, that is, focus on salient information, understand information, and make healthful decisions based on this information. Consistent with this model, the review found that nutrition knowledge provides support for food label use. However, nutrition knowledge measures varied widely in terms of the dimensions they included and the extensiveness of the assessment. Relatively few studies investigated knowledge effects on the use of ingredient lists and claims, compared to nutrition facts labels. We also found an overreliance on convenience samples relying on younger adults, limiting our understanding of how knowledge supports food label use in later life. Future research should 1) investigate which dimensions, or forms, of nutrition knowledge are most critical to food label use and dietary decision making and 2) determine whether increases in nutrition knowledge can promote great use of nutrition information on food labels.

AB - Nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition information but is typically underutilized by consumers. This review examined whether consumer nutrition knowledge is important for communication of nutrition information through labels on packaged foods. A cognitive processing model posits that consumers with prior knowledge are more likely to use label information effectively, that is, focus on salient information, understand information, and make healthful decisions based on this information. Consistent with this model, the review found that nutrition knowledge provides support for food label use. However, nutrition knowledge measures varied widely in terms of the dimensions they included and the extensiveness of the assessment. Relatively few studies investigated knowledge effects on the use of ingredient lists and claims, compared to nutrition facts labels. We also found an overreliance on convenience samples relying on younger adults, limiting our understanding of how knowledge supports food label use in later life. Future research should 1) investigate which dimensions, or forms, of nutrition knowledge are most critical to food label use and dietary decision making and 2) determine whether increases in nutrition knowledge can promote great use of nutrition information on food labels.

KW - Claims

KW - Food label use

KW - Ingredient lists

KW - Nutrition knowledge

KW - Nutrition labels

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930932786&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930932786&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.appet.2015.05.029

DO - 10.1016/j.appet.2015.05.029

M3 - Article

C2 - 26025086

AN - SCOPUS:84930932786

VL - 92

SP - 207

EP - 216

JO - Appetite

JF - Appetite

SN - 0195-6663

ER -