The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression

Wiveka Ramel, Philip R Goldin, Paula E. Carmona, John R. McQuaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

306 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study describes the effects of an 8-week course in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; J. Kabat-Zinn, 1982, 1990) on affective symptoms (depression and anxiety), dysfunctional attitudes, and rumination. Given the focus of mindfulness meditation (MM) in modifying cognitive processes, it was hypothesized that the primary change in MM practice involves reductions in ruminative tendencies. We studied a sample of individuals with lifetime mood disorders who were assessed prior to and upon completion of an MBSR course. We also compared a waitlist sample matched with a subset of the MBSR completers. Overall, the results suggest that MM practice primarily leads to decreases in ruminative thinking, even after controlling for reductions in affective symptoms and dysfunctional beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-455
Number of pages23
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Affective disorders
  • Cognitive processes
  • Meditation
  • Rumination
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this