In a comparative study, the induction effects of dicofol, technical Kelthane, and DDT on hepatic microsomal and cytosolic enzyme activities in rats were compared with those effects produced by phenobarbital (PhB) and β-naphthoflavone (BNF). Male rats (ca. 250 g) were injected (ip) for 4 consecutive days with 1.0 ml of vehicle containing either dicofol (1.5, 15.0, 29.5, or 59.0 mM, Kelthane (dicofol content equal to 29.5 or 59.0 mM), DDT (59.0 mM), or BNF (36.7 mM). Liver weights, microsomal protein, and cytochrome P-450 concentrations and microsomal and cytosolic enzyme specific activities were measured. Dicofol produced dose-related increases in all of the parameters measured except liver weight and cytosolic epoxide hydrolase activity. At a concentration of 59.0 mM, dicofol increased the concentrations of microsomal protein (1.7-fold) and cytochrome P-450 (2.9-fold), and the specific activities of cytochrome c reductase (1.6-fold), ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (2.3-fold), aminopyrine N-demethylase (3.0-fold), microsomal epoxide hydrolase (2.6-fold), and glutathione S-transferase (2.9-fold). The induction potency of dicofol was equivalent to Kelthane, DDT, and PhB at equimolar (59.0 mM) concentrations of chemical.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science