Somatomedins are anabolic hormones that may stimulate growth during the perinatal period. To test this hypothesis, neonatal rats were injected with a biosynthetic somatomedin, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) twice daily for the first 2 wk of life. Two biosynthetic IGF-1 preparations of different potency were tested as well as a preparation of human growth hormone in five litters of rats. When compared to saline-injected rats, IGF-1 injected rats had increased body weight and tail lengths as well as specific increases in weights of liver, brain, heart, and testes. In addition, significant increases in bone marrow erythropoietic cell precursors were apparent after IGF-1 injection. IGF-1-treated neonatal rats also exhibited precocious eye opening as a sign of epithelial cell differentiation. Five additional litters of rats received similar injections but were exposed to postnatal nutritional deprivation via artificially increasing litter size. Although IFG-1 caused stimulation of bone marrow erythropoiesis and precocious eye opening, no effects of IGF-1 on somatic or organ growth could be documented. This represents the first demonstration in vivo of the anabolic effects of IGF-1 in rapidly growing neonatal rats but suggests that nutritional sufficiency may also be necessary for the full expression of somatomedin effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health