The effects of anesthesia and gender on intraocular pressure in lions (Panthera leo)

Ron Ofri, Igal Horowitz, Stav Jacobson, Philip H Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured in a pride of 22 (11 males, 11 females) lions (Panthera leo) using a Schiotz tonometer. Two anesthetic protocols were used in the study. Lions in group I (n = 14) were anesthetized using xylazine, atropine sulfate, and ketamine. Lions in group II (n = 8) were anesthetized using ketamine and diazepam. Five sequential readings were taken from each eye of every lion. There were no significant differences in IOP between the two anesthetic groups, between left and right eyes, or over the five readings. The IOP was significantly higher in males than in females, controlling for age and weight. The mean (±SD) tonometer reading in 22 eyes of 11 male lions was 2.9 (±0.5) mm; with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.6-4.5 mm. The mean tonometer reading in 22 eyes of II female lions was 4.0 (±0.7) mm, with a 95% CI of 1.8-6.3 mm. Using the 1955 Friedenwald human calibration table, the estimated mean IOP in 22 eyes of 11 male lions was 24.9 (±2.0) mm Hg, with a 95% CI of 20.4-29.4 mm Hg. The estimated mean IOP in 22 eyes of 11 female lions was 20.9 (±2.4) mm Hg, with a 95% CI of 15.6-26.3 mm Hg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-310
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume29
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1998

Fingerprint

Lions
Panthera leo
Intraocular Pressure
anesthesia
gender
Anesthesia
confidence interval
eyes
anesthetic
Reading
Confidence Intervals
Ketamine
ketamine
anesthetics
Anesthetics
Xylazine
effect
diazepam
xylazine
atropine

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Lion
  • Panthera leo
  • Sex
  • Tonometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

The effects of anesthesia and gender on intraocular pressure in lions (Panthera leo). / Ofri, Ron; Horowitz, Igal; Jacobson, Stav; Kass, Philip H.

In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 3, 09.1998, p. 307-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured in a pride of 22 (11 males, 11 females) lions (Panthera leo) using a Schiotz tonometer. Two anesthetic protocols were used in the study. Lions in group I (n = 14) were anesthetized using xylazine, atropine sulfate, and ketamine. Lions in group II (n = 8) were anesthetized using ketamine and diazepam. Five sequential readings were taken from each eye of every lion. There were no significant differences in IOP between the two anesthetic groups, between left and right eyes, or over the five readings. The IOP was significantly higher in males than in females, controlling for age and weight. The mean (±SD) tonometer reading in 22 eyes of 11 male lions was 2.9 (±0.5) mm; with a 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) of 1.6-4.5 mm. The mean tonometer reading in 22 eyes of II female lions was 4.0 (±0.7) mm, with a 95{\%} CI of 1.8-6.3 mm. Using the 1955 Friedenwald human calibration table, the estimated mean IOP in 22 eyes of 11 male lions was 24.9 (±2.0) mm Hg, with a 95{\%} CI of 20.4-29.4 mm Hg. The estimated mean IOP in 22 eyes of 11 female lions was 20.9 (±2.4) mm Hg, with a 95{\%} CI of 15.6-26.3 mm Hg.",
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