Central administration of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-Dg) decreases brown fat thermogenesis. This effect is suggested to be mediated via a central control mechanism. Our study was designed to determine the importance of the sympathetic nervous system in the response of brown fat to intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 2-DG. Unilateral denervation of interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) was performed on male Sprague-Dawley rats (300 g body weight). Nine days after surgery, rats were injected i.p. with either saline vehicle (0.9% sodium chloride) or 2-DG (360 mg/kg wt) and then killed one hour later. Sympathetic denervation resulted in 50% decreases in total IBAT protein and in mitochondrial protein recovered. In the denervated lobes, mitochondrial GDP binding (expressed as nmol/mg mitochondrial protein and as total activity recovered) was decreased to 36% and 18%, respectively. Injection of 2-DG did not change mitochondrial protein content in either the innervated or denervated IBAt. In the innervated lobes, 2-DG significantly lowered GDP binding to 55% of that in saline-treated animals, whether expressed per mg mitochondrial protein or as total recovered activity. In contrast, 2-DG did not further decrease GDP binding in the denervated lobes. In conclusion, the effects of i.p. injection of 2-DG on brown fat thermogenesis (as evidenced by GDP binding) appear to be primarily mediated via the sympathetic nervous system.
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