The effectiveness of mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact: A systematic review protocol

Desmond Loong, Sarah Bonato, Carolyn S Dewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. Despite the increasing number of mental health courts around the world, data about their effectiveness have only begun to emerge in the past decade. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence on the effectiveness of mental health courts. Specifically, this review will address the question, "How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?" Methods/design: Eight electronic databases will be searched, specifically PsycINFO, Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Social Work Abstracts, and Criminal Justice Abstracts. A multi-phase screening process will be used to identify relevant search hits. Articles that pass the three-stage screening process will then be assessed for risk of bias and have their reference lists hand searched. Full-text articles that are rated to have low to moderate risk of bias will be summarized into two tables, one containing a brief description of the study and the other reporting the results of relevant outcomes measured. Discussion: By synthesizing the results of the studies, this systematic review will help illuminate gaps in the literature, direct future research, and inform policy makers. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42016036084.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalSystematic Reviews
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2016

Fingerprint

Police
Mental Health
Criminal Law
Administrative Personnel
Social Work
Databases

Keywords

  • Mental health courts
  • Police contact
  • Rearrests
  • Recidivism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The effectiveness of mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact : A systematic review protocol. / Loong, Desmond; Bonato, Sarah; Dewa, Carolyn S.

In: Systematic Reviews, Vol. 5, No. 1, 123, 27.07.2016, p. 1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c0cac8ec59c8490595e6fa6c41669927,
title = "The effectiveness of mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact: A systematic review protocol",
abstract = "Background: Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. Despite the increasing number of mental health courts around the world, data about their effectiveness have only begun to emerge in the past decade. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence on the effectiveness of mental health courts. Specifically, this review will address the question, {"}How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?{"} Methods/design: Eight electronic databases will be searched, specifically PsycINFO, Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Social Work Abstracts, and Criminal Justice Abstracts. A multi-phase screening process will be used to identify relevant search hits. Articles that pass the three-stage screening process will then be assessed for risk of bias and have their reference lists hand searched. Full-text articles that are rated to have low to moderate risk of bias will be summarized into two tables, one containing a brief description of the study and the other reporting the results of relevant outcomes measured. Discussion: By synthesizing the results of the studies, this systematic review will help illuminate gaps in the literature, direct future research, and inform policy makers. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42016036084.",
keywords = "Mental health courts, Police contact, Rearrests, Recidivism",
author = "Desmond Loong and Sarah Bonato and Dewa, {Carolyn S}",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1186/s13643-016-0291-8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "1",
journal = "Systematic Reviews",
issn = "2046-4053",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effectiveness of mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact

T2 - A systematic review protocol

AU - Loong, Desmond

AU - Bonato, Sarah

AU - Dewa, Carolyn S

PY - 2016/7/27

Y1 - 2016/7/27

N2 - Background: Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. Despite the increasing number of mental health courts around the world, data about their effectiveness have only begun to emerge in the past decade. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence on the effectiveness of mental health courts. Specifically, this review will address the question, "How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?" Methods/design: Eight electronic databases will be searched, specifically PsycINFO, Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Social Work Abstracts, and Criminal Justice Abstracts. A multi-phase screening process will be used to identify relevant search hits. Articles that pass the three-stage screening process will then be assessed for risk of bias and have their reference lists hand searched. Full-text articles that are rated to have low to moderate risk of bias will be summarized into two tables, one containing a brief description of the study and the other reporting the results of relevant outcomes measured. Discussion: By synthesizing the results of the studies, this systematic review will help illuminate gaps in the literature, direct future research, and inform policy makers. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42016036084.

AB - Background: Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. Despite the increasing number of mental health courts around the world, data about their effectiveness have only begun to emerge in the past decade. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence on the effectiveness of mental health courts. Specifically, this review will address the question, "How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?" Methods/design: Eight electronic databases will be searched, specifically PsycINFO, Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Social Work Abstracts, and Criminal Justice Abstracts. A multi-phase screening process will be used to identify relevant search hits. Articles that pass the three-stage screening process will then be assessed for risk of bias and have their reference lists hand searched. Full-text articles that are rated to have low to moderate risk of bias will be summarized into two tables, one containing a brief description of the study and the other reporting the results of relevant outcomes measured. Discussion: By synthesizing the results of the studies, this systematic review will help illuminate gaps in the literature, direct future research, and inform policy makers. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42016036084.

KW - Mental health courts

KW - Police contact

KW - Rearrests

KW - Recidivism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84979285099&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84979285099&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s13643-016-0291-8

DO - 10.1186/s13643-016-0291-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 27460569

AN - SCOPUS:84979285099

VL - 5

SP - 1

JO - Systematic Reviews

JF - Systematic Reviews

SN - 2046-4053

IS - 1

M1 - 123

ER -