The Effect of Rehospitalization and Emergency Department Visits on Subsequent Adherence to Weight Telemonitoring

Sarah C. Haynes, Daniel J. Tancredi, Kathleen Tong, Jeffrey S. Hoch, Michael K. Ong, Theodore G. Ganiats, Lorraine S. Evangelista, Jeanne T. Black, Andrew Auerbach, Patrick S. Romano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Weight telemonitoring may be an effective way to improve patients' ability to manage heart failure and prevent unnecessary utilization of health services. However, the effectiveness of such interventions is dependent upon patient adherence. Objective The purpose of this study was to determine how adherence to weight telemonitoring changes in response to 2 types of events: hospital readmissions and emergency department visits. Methods The Better Effectiveness After Transition-Heart Failure trial examined the effectiveness of a remote telemonitoring intervention compared with usual care for patients discharged to home after hospitalization for decompensated heart failure. Participants were followed for 180 days and were instructed to transmit weight readings daily. We used Poisson regression to determine the within-person effects of events on subsequent adherence. Results A total of 625 events took place during the study period. Most of these events were rehospitalizations (78.7%). After controlling for the number of previous events and discharge to a skilled nursing facility, the rate for adherence decreased by nearly 20% in the 2 weeks after a hospitalization compared with the 2 weeks before (adjusted rate ratio, 0.81; 95% confidence interval: 0.77-0.86; P <.001). Conclusions Experiencing a rehospitalization had the effect of diminishing adherence to daily weighing. Providers using telemonitoring to monitor decompensation and manage medications should take advantage of the potential "teachable moment"during hospitalization to reinforce the importance of adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-488
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • adherence
  • compliance
  • heart failure
  • telemonitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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