The effect of dietary fish oils on eicosanoid biosynthesis in peritoneal macrophages is influenced by both dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fats and total dietary fat

J. B. German, B. Lokesh, J. E. Kinsella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent research has implicated dietary fish oils in the reduction of eicosanoids formed from arachidonic acid and amelioration of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and inflammation. Feeding studies were conducted to determine if the efficacy of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) from fish oils was influenced by the quantity of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the total level of fat in the diet. Groups of mice were fed diets composed of 5 and 20% total fat with varying proportions of linoleic acid as a source of n-6 PUFA. Menhaden oil as a source of n-3 PUFA was fed at two levels of n-6 at each level of total fat. Eicosanoid biosynthesis was stimulated and assayed in the mouse peritoneum using zymosan as an inflammatory stimulus. Production of LTE4 and PGE2 was enhanced by increasing n-6 PUFA in the diet at both levels of total fat. High dietary fat significantly suppressed leukotriene (LT) synthesis. Dietary menhaden oil reduced LTE4 and PGE2 synthesis at both levels of dietary n-6 in the low fat study. In animals on 20% dietary fat menhaden oil significantly reduced LT synthesis only at a relatively low dietary n-6 PUFA. On a high n-6 PUFA high fat diets, menhaden oil did not significant affect LTE4 synthesis in response to zymosan stimulation. The results suggest that the effectiveness of fish oils in reducing eicosanoids in response to specific stimulation is influenced by the level of n-6 and the total quantity of fat in the diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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