The development of speech act comprehension in mentally retarded individuals and nonretarded children.

Leonard J Abbeduto, B. Davies, L. Furman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the speech act(s) a sentence conveys requires that a listener follow conversational rules and use clues provided by the sentence and the context in which it is spoken. To trace the development of speech act comprehension in mentally retarded and nonretarded school age children, we examined their responses to sentences such as Would you open the telephone book? and Could you roll the shoebox? These sentences can be intended as questions or as directives. Nonretarded adults follow the "answer obviousness" rule and interpret a sentence of this type as a question if the answer to the question is nonobvious to the speaker, but as a directive if the question has an obvious answer. We manipulated answer obviousness by varying both the context and linguistic properties of the interrogative. Retarded and nonretarded individuals at the nonverbal MAs of 5, 7, and 9 years were studied. Retarded and nonretarded individuals at all MAs followed the answer obviousness rule and used the contextual and linguistic clues available. There were only minor differences between MA-matched retarded and nonretarded subjects despite the fact that the retarded subjects had serious deficits in receptive linguistic competence. The implications for understanding the development of comprehension in retarded persons and for understanding the relations among language, cognition, and communication in general are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1460-1472
Number of pages13
JournalChild Development
Volume59
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

speech act
Mentally Disabled Persons
Linguistics
comprehension
Communication in general
linguistics
linguistic competence
listener
telephone
cognition
deficit
Telephone
Mental Competency
Cognition
human being
Language
language
Communication
school

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The development of speech act comprehension in mentally retarded individuals and nonretarded children. / Abbeduto, Leonard J; Davies, B.; Furman, L.

In: Child Development, Vol. 59, No. 6, 12.1988, p. 1460-1472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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