The Chinese community smoking cessation project: A community sensitive intervention trial

Candice C. Wong, Janice Y. Tsoh, Elisa Tong, Fred B. Hom, Bruce Cooper, Edward A. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes (1) the design, methods and baseline data of the first smoking cessation clinical trial for Chinese Americans with medical conditions - Chinese Community Smoking Cessation Project (CCSCP); (2) the collaborative process between researchers and the Chinese community; and (3) the barriers and facilitators of implementing the study. CCSCP was a culturally tailored, randomized, smoking cessation trial testing the efficacy of an intensive (physician advice, in-person counseling with nicotine replacement therapy, 5 telephone calls) compared to a minimal (physician advice and self-help manual) intervention. The study applied a community-sensitive research method involving community members in all phases of the research process in San Francisco Bay Area during 2001-2007. CCSCP recruited 464 smokers from health care facilities (79%) located in Chinese neighborhoods and through Chinese language media (21%). Baseline assessments and interventions were conducted in-person using translated and tested questionnaire and intervention materials. The majority of the participants were men (91%) with a mean age of 58.3 years, foreign born (98%), with less than high school education (58%), spoke no English (42%) and in non-skilled or semi-skilled occupations (60%) with <$20,000 household income (51%). Participants smoked regularly on an average 38.6 ± 17 years, smoked 9.1 ± 8 cigarettes per day and 85% smoked daily. Cultural tailoring of recruitment methods and intervention design led to successful enrollment and retention of participants, overcoming barriers faced by the participants. Community sensitive collaborative process facilitated implementation of study protocol in community health care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-373
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

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Smoking Cessation
smoking
community
physician
health care
Physicians
Community Health Services
community research
San Francisco
Asian Americans
human being
Health Facilities
self-help
school education
research process
household income
Nicotine
Occupations
Research
Telephone

Keywords

  • Chinese Americans
  • Community-sensitive research
  • Cultural tailoring
  • Health care
  • Smoking cessation intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

The Chinese community smoking cessation project : A community sensitive intervention trial. / Wong, Candice C.; Tsoh, Janice Y.; Tong, Elisa; Hom, Fred B.; Cooper, Bruce; Chow, Edward A.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 33, No. 6, 12.2008, p. 363-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wong, Candice C. ; Tsoh, Janice Y. ; Tong, Elisa ; Hom, Fred B. ; Cooper, Bruce ; Chow, Edward A. / The Chinese community smoking cessation project : A community sensitive intervention trial. In: Journal of Community Health. 2008 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 363-373.
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