The care of patients using methamphetamine in the emergency department: Perception of nurses, residents, and faculty

John R Richards, J. Adam Hawkins, Eric W. Acevedo, Erik G Laurin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To determine differences in perception between nurses, residents, and faculty regarding characteristics and treatment of patients who use methamphetamine (meth). Methods: Survey study performed at an urban, university Level I trauma medical center. Results: A total of 80 nurses, 39 residents, and 45 faculty completed the survey. All groups agreed that meth was a significant problem nationwide and in our emergency department (ED). Nurses estimated that 33% of their patients used meth, which differed from residents (18%) and faculty (15%). All agreed that these patients required more effort to care for, utilized more hospital resources, and were more often violent toward staff. Nurses reported higher prevalence of actual assault by patients using meth (70%) than did residents (36%) and faculty (47%), and total lifetime number of assaults. All agreed that patients using meth appropriated prehospital resources at a higher rate than nonusers, had a higher rate of recidivism, and longer ED length of stay. Nurses preferred antipsychotics over benzodiazepines for treatment of meth-induced tachycardia and a lower threshold for treatment of associated hypertension than residents and faculty. For treatment of hypertension, nurses preferred beta-blockers and hydralazine over benzodiazepines. Conclusion: All agreed that meth use is a serious problem in our ED, with high resource utilization, recidivism, and violence against staff. Nurses experienced higher rates of assaults by patients using meth and differed with regard to their disposition and treatment. Treatment guidelines, strategies to mitigate violence towards staff, and interprofessional education may be beneficial, as the stakes of caring for these patients are high and preferences vary between caregivers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalSubstance Abuse
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 14 2018

Keywords

  • Agitation
  • assault
  • emergency
  • hypertension
  • methamphetamine
  • nursing
  • tachycardia
  • toxicity
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The care of patients using methamphetamine in the emergency department: Perception of nurses, residents, and faculty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this