The Biomechanical Effects of Simulated Radioscapholunate Fusion with Distal Scaphoidectomy, 4-Corner Fusion with Complete Scaphoidectomy, and Proximal Row Carpectomy Compared to the Native Wrist

Augustine Saiz, Connor M. Delman, Max Haffner, Kathy Wann, Sean McNary, Robert M. Szabo, Christopher O. Bayne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effect of simulated radioscapholunate fusion with distal scaphoid excision (RSLF+DSE), 4-corner fusion with scaphoidectomy (4-CF), and proximal row carpectomy (PRC) on the wrist's range of motion (ROM), contact pressure, and contact force in a cadaveric model. Methods: Ten freshly frozen cadaveric wrists were tested under 4 sequential conditions: native wrist, RSLF+DSE, 4-CF, and PRC. The simulated fusions were performed using two 1.6-mm Kirschner wires. The ROM in the flexion-extension and radioulnar deviation planes was evaluated. Contact area, contact pressure, and contact force were measured at the scaphocapitolunate joint for the RSLF+DSE simulation and radiocarpal joint for the 4-CF and PRC simulations. Mechanical testing was performed using a 35-N uniaxial load and pressure-sensitive film. Results: The RSLF+DSE and 4-CF groups had a decreased wrist arc ROM compared with the native wrist. The PRC group had a greater wrist arc ROM compared with the RSLF+DSE and 4-CF groups, but compared to the native wrist, it demonstrated a mildly decreased wrist arc ROM. The carpal pressure and contact force were significantly increased in the RSLF+DSE, 4-CF, and PRC groups compared with those in the native wrist. The RSLF+DSE group had the smallest increase in the carpal pressure and contact force, whereas the PRC group had the greatest increase. Conclusions: Our study validates previous findings that PRC is motion-conserving but has the greatest contact force, whereas RSLF-DSE and 4-CF may cause a decrease in the ROM but have lower contact forces. Clinical relevance: Understanding the underlying native wrist biomechanics and alterations following different surgical treatments may assist hand surgeons in their clinical decision making for the treatment of stage II scapholunate advanced collapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Four-corner fusion
  • proximal row carpectomy
  • radioscapholunate fusion
  • scapholunate advanced collapse
  • wrist biomechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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