Purpose: To determine the effect of simulated radioscapholunate fusion with distal scaphoid excision (RSLF+DSE), 4-corner fusion with scaphoidectomy (4-CF), and proximal row carpectomy (PRC) on the wrist's range of motion (ROM), contact pressure, and contact force in a cadaveric model. Methods: Ten freshly frozen cadaveric wrists were tested under 4 sequential conditions: native wrist, RSLF+DSE, 4-CF, and PRC. The simulated fusions were performed using two 1.6-mm Kirschner wires. The ROM in the flexion-extension and radioulnar deviation planes was evaluated. Contact area, contact pressure, and contact force were measured at the scaphocapitolunate joint for the RSLF+DSE simulation and radiocarpal joint for the 4-CF and PRC simulations. Mechanical testing was performed using a 35-N uniaxial load and pressure-sensitive film. Results: The RSLF+DSE and 4-CF groups had a decreased wrist arc ROM compared with the native wrist. The PRC group had a greater wrist arc ROM compared with the RSLF+DSE and 4-CF groups, but compared to the native wrist, it demonstrated a mildly decreased wrist arc ROM. The carpal pressure and contact force were significantly increased in the RSLF+DSE, 4-CF, and PRC groups compared with those in the native wrist. The RSLF+DSE group had the smallest increase in the carpal pressure and contact force, whereas the PRC group had the greatest increase. Conclusions: Our study validates previous findings that PRC is motion-conserving but has the greatest contact force, whereas RSLF-DSE and 4-CF may cause a decrease in the ROM but have lower contact forces. Clinical relevance: Understanding the underlying native wrist biomechanics and alterations following different surgical treatments may assist hand surgeons in their clinical decision making for the treatment of stage II scapholunate advanced collapse.
- Four-corner fusion
- proximal row carpectomy
- radioscapholunate fusion
- scapholunate advanced collapse
- wrist biomechanics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine