Purpose: Selecting treatment for scapholunate (SL) instability is notoriously difficult. Many methods of reconstruction have been described, but no procedure demonstrates clear superiority. New methods proposed use internal bracing (IB) with suture anchors and flat braided suture (FBS), alone or as an augmentation with tendon autograft for SL ligament injuries. Our goal was to use computed tomography (CT) to analyze alignment of the SL joint after 3 different modes of fixation of SL instability: after reconstruction with IB incorporating either tendon autograft or the dorsal intercarpal ligament (DICL), or DICL capsulodesis without FBS. Methods: Ten fresh-frozen, matched-pair, forearm-to-hand specimens were used. Serial sectioning of the SL stabilizing ligaments was performed and the SL interval was measured with CT. We reconstructed the SL ligament with DICL capsulodesis alone (DICL) or with IB augmented with either tendon autograft (IB plus T) or DICL (DICL plus IB). The SL interval was measured with CT. Specimens underwent 500 weighted cycles on a jig and were reimaged. Differences in SL interval after repair and cycling were compared. Results: Dorsal intercarpal ligament capsulodesis augmented with IB best maintained the SL interval before and after cycling. Dorsal intercarpal ligament capsulodesis alone was inferior to DICL plus IB and IB plus T both before and after cycling. Conclusions: Dorsal intercarpal ligament capsulodesis augmented with IB appears to maintain better SL joint reduction than IB with tendon autograft. Clinical relevance: This work serves as a necessary step for further study of the biomechanical strength and clinical application of FBS technology in the reconstruction of SL instability. Flat braided suture augmentation of DICL capsulodesis may provide another option to consider for reconstruction of SL instability.
- flat braided suture
- scapholunate dissociation
- scapholunate instability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine