The autogenous dermis-fat orbital implant in children

Kelly T. Mitchell, Donald A. Hollsten, William L. White, Mary A O'Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Purpose: The autogenous dermis-fat graft orbital implant is one alternative for volume augmentation in the adult anophthalmic socket. We have reviewed our experience with dermis-fat grafts after primary enucleation in the pediatric population. Methods: We reviewed the clinic charts of all patients under 8 years of age who underwent primary enucleation combined with dermis-fat graft implantation. We assessed subsequent orbital growth by measuring lid and fissure symmetry, superficial soft tissue socket volume, prosthetic fit, and periorbital symmetry. All measurements were obtained by 2 of the authors. Results: Eight children had primary enucleations combined with a dermis-fat implant (Table 1). Age at the time of surgery ranged from 1 week to 8 years. Indications for enucleation were retinoblastoma (4), malignant teratoid medulloepithelioma (1), blind, painful eye secondary to trauma (2), or phthisis secondary to end-stage retinopathy of prematurity (1). Two patients were lost to follow up at 3 months and 6 months post enucleation. The remaining 6 patients had between 1 year and 6 years of follow up. All implants maintained appropriate volume allowing proper prosthetic fit and facial symmetry. Two children experienced excessive growth of their implants, managed by surgical debulking.Two children developed a central graft ulcer, managed by superficial revision and reclosure. Conclusions: We have observed that dermis-fat grafts in pediatric primary enucleations demonstrate good maintenance of orbital soft tissue volume and periorbital symmetry. The complications of excessive dermis-fat growth or central ulceration were easily corrected. We feel this is a promising implant for the pediatric anophthalmic socket.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-369
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of AAPOS
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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