The ascent of cat breeds: Genetic evaluations of breeds and worldwide random-bred populations

Monika J. Lipinski, Lutz Froenicke, Kathleen C. Baysac, Nicholas C. Billings, Christian M. Leutenegger, Alon M. Levy, Maria Longeri, Tirri Niini, Haydar Ozpinar, Margaret R. Slater, Niels C Pedersen, Leslie A Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations


The diaspora of the modern cat was traced with microsatellite markers from the presumed site of domestication to distant regions of the world. Genetic data were derived from over 1100 individuals, representing 17 random-bred populations from five continents and 22 breeds. The Mediterranean was reconfirmed to be the probable site of domestication. Genetic diversity has remained broad throughout the world, with distinct genetic clustering in the Mediterranean basin, Europe/America, Asia and Africa. However, Asian cats appeared to have separated early and expanded in relative isolation. Most breeds were derived from indigenous cats of their purported regions of origin. However, the Persian and Japanese bobtail were more aligned with European/American than with Mediterranean basin or Asian clusters. Three recently derived breeds were not distinct from their parental breeds of origin. Pure breeding was associated with a loss of genetic diversity; however, this loss did not correlate with breed popularity or age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Breeds
  • Cat
  • Diversity
  • Domestication
  • Felis
  • Genetic
  • Origins
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeography
  • Structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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