The application of the CRASH-CT prognostic model for older adults with traumatic brain injury: A population-based observational cohort study

John A. Staples, Jin Wang, Brianna Mills, Nancy Temkin, Mark C. Zaros, Gregory Jurkovich, Frederick P. Rivara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the performance of the Corticosteroid Randomization After Significant Head injury (CRASH) trial prognostic model in older patients with traumatic brain injury. Setting: The National Study on Costs and Outcomes of Trauma cohort, established at 69 hospitals in the United States in 2001 and 2002. Participants: Adults with traumatic brain injury and an initial Glasgow Coma Scale score of 14 or less. Design: The CRASH-CT model predicting death within 14 days was deployed in all patients. Model performance in older patients (aged 65-84 years) was compared with that in younger patients (aged 18-64 years). Main Measures: Model discrimination (as defined by the c-statistic) and calibration (as defined by the Hosmer-Lemeshow P value). Results: CRASH-CT model discrimination was not significantly different between the older (n = 356; weighted n = 524) and younger patients (n = 981; weighted n = 2602) and was generally adequate (c-statistic 0.83 vs 0.87, respectively; P =.11). CRASH-CT model calibration was adequate for the older patients and inadequate for younger patients (Hosmer-Lemeshow P values.12 and.001, respectively), possibly reflecting differences in sample size. Calibration-in-the-large showed no systematic under- or overprediction in either stratum. Conclusion: The CRASH-CT model may be valid for use in a geriatric population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E8-E14
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • CRASH score
  • elderly
  • geriatrics
  • prognosis
  • traumatic brain injury
  • validation study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this