The application of IMPACT prognostic models to elderly adults with traumatic brain injury: A population-based observational cohort study

John A. Staples, Jin Wang, Mark C. Zaros, Gregory Jurkovich, Frederick P. Rivara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the performance of the International Mission for Prognosis and Clinical Trial Design in Traumatic Brain Injury (IMPACT) prognostic models in older patients. Methods: Using data from the National Study on Costs and Outcomes of Trauma (NSCOT), this study identified adult patients presenting to US hospitals in 2001 and 2002 with non-penetrating moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (GCS ≤ 12). IMPACT model calibration and discrimination in the older stratum (65–84 years) was compared to that in the younger stratum (18–64 years). Results: IMPACT model discrimination did not differ significantly between the older (n = 202; weighted n = 268) and younger strata (n = 613; weighted n = 1632) and was generally adequate (c-statistic for the core-death model = 0.81 [0.77–0.84] vs 0.75 [0.66–0.84], respectively; p = 0.26). IMPACT model calibration was poor for both older and younger strata (Hosmer-Lemeshow p-value for the core-death model = 0.01 vs < 0.0001, respectively). Pre-specified qualitative graphical evaluation suggested substantial under-prediction of mortality in the oldest decades of life, but not among younger patients. Conclusions: The examined IMPACT prognostic models demonstrated adequate discrimination and poor calibration in both older and younger patients, yet particular caution may be required when applying these models to the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-907
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 6 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • geriatric patients
  • IMPACT score
  • prognosis
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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