The Ability of the 10-Item Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) to Predict Aspiration Risk in Persons With Dysphagia

Diane M. Cheney, M. Tausif Siddiqui, Juliana K. Litts, Maggie Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common and costly. The ability of patient symptoms to predict objective swallowing dysfunction is uncertain.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the ability of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) to screen for aspiration risk in patients with dysphagia.

METHODS: Data from individuals with dysphagia undergoing a videofluoroscopic swallow study between January 2012 and July 2013 were abstracted from a clinical database. Data included the EAT-10, Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS), total pharyngeal transit (TPT) time, and underlying diagnoses. Bivariate linear correlation analysis, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values were calculated.

RESULTS: The mean age of the entire cohort (N=360) was 64.40 (±14.75) years. Forty-six percent were female. The mean EAT-10 was 16.08 (±10.25) for nonaspirators and 23.16 (±10.88) for aspirators (P<.0001). There was a linear correlation between the total EAT-10 score and the PAS (r=0.273, P<.001). Sensitivity and specificity of an EAT-10>15 in predicting aspiration were 71% and 53%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Subjective dysphagia symptoms as documented with the EAT-10 can predict aspiration risk. A linear correlation exists between the EAT-10 and aspiration events (PAS) and aspiration risk (TPT time). Persons with an EAT-10>15 are 2.2 times more likely to aspirate (95% confidence interval, 1.3907-3.6245). The sensitivity of an EAT-10>15 is 71%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-354
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • aspiration
  • aspiration risk
  • dysphagia
  • EAT-10
  • Eating Assessment Tool
  • PAS
  • Penetration Aspiration Scale
  • screening test
  • survey
  • symptom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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