The ABC daycare disaster of Hermosillo, Mexico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On June 5, 2009, the ABC Daycare facility in Hermosillo, Mexico, caught on fire with an estimated 142 children and 6 adult caregivers inside. The purpose of this article is to describe the factors contributing to the disaster including care of the survivors, tertiary burn center triage, patient transport, and treatment for this international mass casualty event. Finally, the results of an investigation performed by the Mexican Government are reviewed. A summary of the Mexican Government's investigation of the circumstances of fire and an examination of prevention lapses in other Mexican daycare centers was obtained from their public Web site. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the children transported to the burn center were obtained from the patients' medical records and transport data sheets. The ABC Daycare had many fire safety breaches that contributed to the severity of the tragedy. Twenty-nine children died at the scene and more than 35 children were hospitalized throughout Mexico. A total of 12 children were transported to two Shriners Hospitals, 9 to Sacramento, and 3 to Cincinnati. The mean age of patients sent to the Shriners Hospitals was 2.9 ± 0.16 years (2-4 years), with 5 being male and 7 female. The mean duration between injury and arrival was 9.2 ± 2.1 days, the burn size was 43.0 ± 6.8% TBSA (6.5-80%), and there were 3.75 operations per patient. Four had fourth-degree burns requiring finger amputations (2), flaps to cover bone (1), or a through-knee amputation (1). Ten patients were admitted to the intensive care unit, and nine patients (seven with inhalation injury) required mechanical ventilation for a mean of 23.6 ± 10.3 days. All the surviving children were discharged after a mean length of stay of 45.9 ± 8.7 days. In the first year postinjury, seven children were readmitted a total of 11 times for reconstructive surgery, wound care, or rehabilitation. Ultimately, a total of 49 children died. A review of other daycare centers in Mexico revealed similar safety lapses that could lead to future major disasters. This burn disaster in Hermosillo was potentially preventable with adherence to standard prevention principals. The young age of the victims and the need for an international medical response posed special problems. Prevention efforts need to be improved to prevent future disasters in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Disasters
Mexico
Burn Units
Amputation
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Wounds and Injuries
Mass Casualty Incidents
Safety
Hospitalized Child
Triage
Tertiary Healthcare
Burns
Artificial Respiration
Inhalation
Caregivers
Fingers
Medical Records
Intensive Care Units
Survivors
Length of Stay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery

Cite this

The ABC daycare disaster of Hermosillo, Mexico. / Greenhalgh, David G; Chang, Philip; Maguina, Pirko; Combs, Elena; Sen, Soman; Palmieri, Tina L.

In: Journal of Burn Care and Research, Vol. 33, No. 2, 03.2012, p. 235-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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