The 14-3-3 protein PAR-5 regulates the asymmetric localization of the LET-99 spindle positioning protein

Jui Ching Wu, Eugenel B. Espiritu, Lesilee S. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


PAR proteins play important roles in establishing cytoplasmic polarity as well as regulating spindle positioning during asymmetric division. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the PAR proteins generate asymmetry in different cell types are still being elucidated. Previous studies in Caenorhabditis elegans revealed that PAR-3 and PAR-1 regulate the asymmetric localization of LET-99, which in turn controls spindle positioning by affecting the distribution of the conserved force generating complex. In wild-type embryos, LET-99 is localized in a lateral cortical band pattern, via inhibition at the anterior by PAR-3 and at the posterior by PAR-1. In this report, we show that the 14-3-3 protein PAR-5 is also required for cortical LET-99 asymmetry. PAR-5 associated with LET-99 in pull-down assays, and two PAR-5 binding sites were identified in LET-99 using the yeast two-hybrid assay. Mutation of these sites abolished binding in yeast and altered LET-99 localization in vivo: LET-99 was present at the highest levels at the posterior pole of the embryo instead of a band in par-5 embryos. Together the results indicate that PAR-5 acts in a mechanism with PAR-1 to regulate LET-99 cortical localization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-297
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 15 2016


  • Asymmetric division
  • C. elegans
  • Embryo
  • LET-99
  • PAR-5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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