Texercise effectiveness: Impacts on physical functioning and quality of life

Marcia G. Ory, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Doris Howell, Shuai Chen, Jairus C. Pulczinski, Alan B. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the effectiveness of Texercise Select, a 12-week lifestyle program to improve physical functioning (as measured by gait speed) and quality of life. Baseline and 12-week follow-up assessments were collected from 220 enrollees who were older (mean = 75 years), predominantly female (85%), White (82%), and experiencing multiple comorbidities (mean = 2.4). Linear mixed-models were fitted for continuous outcome variables and GEE models with logit link function for binary outcome variables. At baseline, over 52% of participants had Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) test times of 12 s or more, which indicates below-normal performance. On average, participants showed significant reductions in TUG test scores at the postintervention (11% reduction, p < .001). Participants also showed significant improvements in general health status (p = .002), unhealthy physical days (p = .032), combined unhealthy physical and mental days (p = .006), and days limited from usual activity (p = .045). Findings suggest that performance indicators can be objectively collected and integrated into evaluation designs of community-based, activity-rich lifestyle programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)622-629
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Older adults
  • Physical functioning
  • Program evaluation
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Ory, M. G., Smith, M. L., Jiang, L., Howell, D., Chen, S., Pulczinski, J. C., & Stevens, A. B. (2015). Texercise effectiveness: Impacts on physical functioning and quality of life. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 23(4), 622-629. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2014-0072