Temporal Trends in Hypertension Death Rate in Mississippi, 2000-2018

Vincent L. Mendy, Tawandra Rowell-Cunsolo, Meghan Bellerose, Rodolfo Vargas, Lei Zhang, Byambaa Enkhmaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In Mississippi, hypertension as a leading cause of death moved from 15th in 2000 to 11th in 2018, but research on temporal trends is limited. We examined temporal trends in hypertension-related mortality among Mississippi adults by age, sex, and race. METHODS: We extracted data on the number of deaths due to hypertension among adults aged 45 or older annually from 2000 to 2018 from Mississippi Vital Statistics. We used underlying cause-of-death codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision to identify hypertension deaths. We calculated the annual percentage change (trend segment) and average annual percentage change (AAPC) in age-adjusted hypertension death rates from 2000 to 2018 and examined differences in the AAPC by age, sex, and race. RESULTS: From 2000 through 2018, the age-adjusted hypertension death rate increased annually by 3.0% (AAPC 3.0%, 95% confidence interval, 1.9%-4.0%) with 3 distinct time periods. There was an average annual increase in age-adjusted hypertension death rates for all subgroups, i.e., men, women, Blacks, Whites, White females, Black males, and White males. The highest magnitude of increase was among those aged 45-64 years (AAPC 6.0%), men (AAPC 4.5%), Whites (AAPC 3.5%), and White men (AAPC 6.2%) compared with other age groups, women, Blacks, and Black men, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: For nearly 2 decades, there was an increase in age-adjusted hypertension death rates among Mississippi adults aged 45 years or older. Blood pressure lowering interventions that target hypertensive adults are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-962
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • Mississippi
  • mortality
  • trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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