Temporal induction of blackness-I. Color appearance

Vicki J. Volbrecht, John S Werner, B. R. Wooten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Three color-normal observers described the appearance of colors under conditions of temporal induction. One of four inducing fields (unique blue, unique green, unique yellow, unique white) was foveally viewed for 5 sec followed immediately by a 400 msec reference stimulus of the same size (0.75 deg) and spatial location as the inducing field. The reference stimulus was 3 or 5 td and appeared achromatic to the observer when viewed without the inducing field. After presentation of this temporal sequence, the observers described the reference stimulus by assigning percentages to the terms red, green, yellow, blue, white and black. The range of inducing field intensities was -0.4-3.2 log td. Both chromatic and achromatic induction occurred at low illuminance levels of the inducing fields. As the illuminance of the inducing field increased, the reference stimulus gradually became blacker and the chromatic components less prominent. The minimum illuminance level at which the reference appeared 100% black was the same for the four different inducing fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1436
Number of pages12
JournalVision Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Achromatic pathways
  • Blacknes
  • Color-naming
  • Temporal induction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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