Temporal and spatial distributions of foot-and-mouth disease under three different strategies of control and eradication in Colombia (1982-2003)

M. L. Gallego, A. M. Perez, Mark Thurmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) from January 1982 through December 2003 were used to examine variations in serotype- and species-specific risk for three control programmes in Colombia:(1982-1983) vaccination, using an aluminium hydroxide, saponin adjuvant, required but not enforced; (1984-1996) vaccination, using an oil double-emulsion adjuvant, required but not enforced; and (1997-2003) enforced vaccination, using an oil double-emulsion adjuvant, restricted animal movement enforced, and slaughter of infected animals. Hypotheses were tested for trend, cyclicity and seasonality in FMD occurrence, and for species- and serotype-specific differences in morbidity and case-fatality. The spatial density of outbreaks was estimated by kernel smoothing. The frequency of outbreaks decreased most between 1984 and 1996 (p < 0.01) for serotype A and between 1997 and 2003 (p < 0.01) for serotype O. Outbreaks occurred in cycles of 3-4 years for both serotypes (p < 0.05). Morbidity was not significantly different in pigs from that in cattle for serotype A-associated outbreaks (p = 0.314), but was higher in pigs than in cattle (p = 0.019) for serotype O-associated outbreaks. For both serotypes, case-fatality was higher for pigs than for cattle (p < 0.009). Temporal variation in FMD incidence provided insight into the expected evolution of FMD control for countries with similar conditions and where FMD is endemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-834
Number of pages16
JournalVeterinary Research Communications
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Colombia
  • Control programme
  • Epidemiology
  • Foot-and-mouth disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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