Temperature-dependency of Betanodavirus infection in SSN-1 cell line

S. Ciulli, D. Gallardi, A. Scagliarini, M. Battilani, Ronald Hedrick, S. Prosperi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


This study examined the in vitro effects of temperature on Betanodavirus infection in the SSN-1 cell line. A Betanodavirus isolated from moribund sea bass fry Dicentrarchus labrax farmed in the Adriatic Sea and characterised as a RGNNV (Redspotted Grouper Nervous Necrosis Virus) genotype was used. Virus-infected SSN-1 cells were incubated at temperatures between 10 and 30°C and observed for cytopathic effects daily for 15 d. Cell-free and cell-associated viral growth were evaluated by 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID50) titration at 0, 24, 48, 72, 96, 144, 192, 240, 312 and 360 h post-infection. Virus replication was observed at all temperatures from 15 to 30°C. The optimal temperature for virus growth was 25°C. A temperature of 10°C was detrimental to the growth of the SSN-1 cells and cell death interfered with interpretations of viral growth. The isolate of Betanodavirus from Italian sea bass in this study demonstrates a different temperature range for growth compared to previous reports for related Betanodavirus strains, most likely due to an adaptation to the normal environmental temperatures of the host fish species of origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-265
Number of pages5
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2 2006


  • Betanodavirus
  • Dicentrarchus labrax
  • Nervous necrosis virus
  • SSN-1 cell line
  • Temperature dependency
  • Viral encephalopathy and retinopathy
  • Viral growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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