Tear production in three captive wild herbivores in israel

R. Ofri, I. Horowitz, Philip H Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Schirmer tear test (STT) I was performed to evaluate tear production in 12 captive Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana), 10 captive Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli) and five Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) at the Tel-Aviv Ramat-Gan Zoological Center (Israel). Mean (±standard deviation) STT values were 13.2 ± 5.1 mm/min in the ibex, 23.4 ± 3.4 mm/ min in the zebra and 12.7 ± 4.8 mm/min in the oryx. There were no significant effects of gender, age, weight, or side of the eye. There were no significant differences in STT values between ibex and oryx, but tear production in both species was significantly lower than in zebras. Knowledge of normal tear production values is important for the differential diagnosis of conjunctivitis and keratitis in these species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-136
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Fingerprint

Herbivory
Israel
Tears
herbivore
herbivores
Capra
zebras
Equidae
Oryx
gender
Equus burchelli
Capra ibex
keratitis
conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis
Keratitis
testing
Goats
test
Differential Diagnosis

Keywords

  • Arabian oryx
  • Burchell's zebra
  • Capra ibex nubiana
  • Equus burchelli
  • Nubian ibex
  • Oryx leucoryx
  • Schirmer tear test
  • Tear production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Tear production in three captive wild herbivores in israel. / Ofri, R.; Horowitz, I.; Kass, Philip H.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 35, No. 1, 01.1999, p. 134-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ofri, R. ; Horowitz, I. ; Kass, Philip H. / Tear production in three captive wild herbivores in israel. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 1999 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 134-136.
@article{1e9bb6c3e42545a08ff554701caa4081,
title = "Tear production in three captive wild herbivores in israel",
abstract = "The Schirmer tear test (STT) I was performed to evaluate tear production in 12 captive Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana), 10 captive Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli) and five Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) at the Tel-Aviv Ramat-Gan Zoological Center (Israel). Mean (±standard deviation) STT values were 13.2 ± 5.1 mm/min in the ibex, 23.4 ± 3.4 mm/ min in the zebra and 12.7 ± 4.8 mm/min in the oryx. There were no significant effects of gender, age, weight, or side of the eye. There were no significant differences in STT values between ibex and oryx, but tear production in both species was significantly lower than in zebras. Knowledge of normal tear production values is important for the differential diagnosis of conjunctivitis and keratitis in these species.",
keywords = "Arabian oryx, Burchell's zebra, Capra ibex nubiana, Equus burchelli, Nubian ibex, Oryx leucoryx, Schirmer tear test, Tear production",
author = "R. Ofri and I. Horowitz and Kass, {Philip H}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "134--136",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tear production in three captive wild herbivores in israel

AU - Ofri, R.

AU - Horowitz, I.

AU - Kass, Philip H

PY - 1999/1

Y1 - 1999/1

N2 - The Schirmer tear test (STT) I was performed to evaluate tear production in 12 captive Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana), 10 captive Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli) and five Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) at the Tel-Aviv Ramat-Gan Zoological Center (Israel). Mean (±standard deviation) STT values were 13.2 ± 5.1 mm/min in the ibex, 23.4 ± 3.4 mm/ min in the zebra and 12.7 ± 4.8 mm/min in the oryx. There were no significant effects of gender, age, weight, or side of the eye. There were no significant differences in STT values between ibex and oryx, but tear production in both species was significantly lower than in zebras. Knowledge of normal tear production values is important for the differential diagnosis of conjunctivitis and keratitis in these species.

AB - The Schirmer tear test (STT) I was performed to evaluate tear production in 12 captive Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana), 10 captive Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli) and five Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) at the Tel-Aviv Ramat-Gan Zoological Center (Israel). Mean (±standard deviation) STT values were 13.2 ± 5.1 mm/min in the ibex, 23.4 ± 3.4 mm/ min in the zebra and 12.7 ± 4.8 mm/min in the oryx. There were no significant effects of gender, age, weight, or side of the eye. There were no significant differences in STT values between ibex and oryx, but tear production in both species was significantly lower than in zebras. Knowledge of normal tear production values is important for the differential diagnosis of conjunctivitis and keratitis in these species.

KW - Arabian oryx

KW - Burchell's zebra

KW - Capra ibex nubiana

KW - Equus burchelli

KW - Nubian ibex

KW - Oryx leucoryx

KW - Schirmer tear test

KW - Tear production

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032612092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032612092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10073364

AN - SCOPUS:0032612092

VL - 35

SP - 134

EP - 136

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 1

ER -