Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Secondary to Accessory Musculature: A Case Report

Kaitlin C. Neary, Eric Chang, Christopher Kreulen, Eric Giza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is a relatively uncommon compression neuropathy caused by impingement of the tibial nerve or one of the terminal branches. The presence of accessory musculature at the posteromedial aspect of the ankle has been identified as a rare cause of this condition. Despite the rarity of this condition, it must be considered in patients with refractory symptoms consistent with tibial nerve dysfunction. The accurate diagnosis of this condition relies heavily on a detailed history and physical examination, adequate imaging read by both surgeon and trained musculoskeletal radiologist, as well as a high level of suspicion for such pathology. In this case report, we describe a 46-year-old male with history, examination, and imaging all consistent with TTS secondary to accessory musculature. Following excision of an accessory soleus and flexor digitorum accessorius longus, as well as simultaneous tarsal tunnel release, the patient experienced full resolution of his symptoms. This highlights the importance of considering accessory musculature as a potential cause of TTS in patients presenting with tibial compression neuropathy. Levels of Evidence: Level V: Case Report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Specialist
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


  • diagnostic and therapeutic techniques
  • foot surgery techniques
  • forefoot
  • midfoot
  • MRI diagnoses
  • nerve compression syndromes
  • neurological problems
  • tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • toe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Podiatry
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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