Targeting Transmission Pathways for Emerging Zoonotic Disease Surveillance and Control

Elizabeth H. Loh, Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio, Kevin J. Olival, Tiffany L. Bogich, Christine K Johnson, Jonna A Mazet, William Karesh, Peter Daszak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used literature searches and a database of all reported emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) to analyze the most important transmission pathways (e.g., vector-borne, aerosol droplet transmitted) for emerging zoonoses. Our results suggest that at the broad scale, the likelihood of transmission occurring through any one pathway is approximately equal. However, the major transmission pathways for zoonoses differ widely according to the specific underlying drivers of EID events (e.g., land-use change, agricultural intensification). These results can be used to develop better targeting of surveillance for, and more effective control of newly emerged zoonoses in regions under different underlying pressures that drive disease emergence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-437
Number of pages6
JournalVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Direct contact
  • Pathway
  • Surveillance
  • Transmission routes
  • Vector-borne
  • Virus
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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