Targeting of Lin-Sca+ hematopoietic stem cells with bispecific antibodies to injured myocardium

Lawrence G. Lum, Hubert Fok, Richard Sievers, Mehrdad Abedi, Peter J. Quesenberry, Randall J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Bispecific antibodies (BiAbs) are being used to target T cells or other immune cells to antigen-specific tumor targets. Anti-CD3 activated T cells (ATC) armed with anti-CD3 x anti-HER2 BiAb (HER2Bi) have been used to target Her2/ neu + breast and prostate carcinoma cells. We adapted BiAb technology to target stem cells to injured myocardium. Since myocardial infarctions can lead to cardiac death and disability, rapid repair and rejuvenation of damaged myocardium is critically needed. Effective homing of stem cells and transdifferentiation of the stem cells into functional elements of the myocardium is needed for repair of damaged myocardium. We use a BiAb that binds c-kit on murine stem cells and VCAM-1 adhesion molecules up-regulated on injured myocardial cells. To test for specific binding and homing in a mouse, we produced anti-c-kit x anti-VCAM-1 to target purified Lin-Sca+ murine stem cells to the injured myocardium. Mice with infarcts created by ligation of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) were directly injected with armed stem cells or injected via the internal jugular vein (IJ) with FACS sorted Lin-Sca+ stem cells from bone marrow after fluorescent dye labeling. There were increased numbers of armed Lin-Sca+ cells retained in infracted myocardium after direct injection of armed Lin-Sca+ cells and increased numbers of Lin-Sca+ cells that were found in injured myocardium after IJ injection. These results suggest that stem cells retargeted with BiAb can be directly injected and retained by injured myocardium or targeted to injured myocardial tissues for tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Bispecific antibodies
  • Lin-Sca+ cells
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Hematology


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