Herpes simplex virus type 1/adeno-associated virus (HSV/AAV) rep+ hybrid amplicon vectors containing AAV inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) and rep gene sequences can mediate site-specific integration into the human genome. In this study, we have generated and characterized the first transgenic mice that bear the full-length (8.2 kb) human AAVS1 locus. Immortalized mouse embryonic fibroblasts from this mouse line were transduced with the rep+, rep- (containing only ITRs flanking the transgene) hybrid amplicon vectors, and the standard amplicon vector to determine stable integration frequency and the site of integration. Transduction of transgenic fibroblasts resulted in a 10-fold higher stable integration frequency with rep+ hybrid amplicon vector than with rep- or standard amplicon vectors. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA from transgenic cells stably transduced with the rep+ hybrid amplicon vector revealed site-specific integration of transgenes at the AAVS1 locus in 50% of clones. Some site-specific and random integration events were limited to the ITR-flanked transgene cassette. In contrast, transduction of transgenic mouse cells with the rep- or standard amplicon vectors resulted in random integrations of the entire rep- hybrid amplicon or amplicon DNA that were incorporated into the host genome as a concatenate of various sizes. These results demonstrate for the first time that the genome of transgenic mice bearing the human AAVS1 locus serves as a platform for site-specific integration of AAV ITR-flanked transgene cassettes within the hybrid amplicon vector in the presence of Rep.
- Transgenic mice
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