Tandem affinity purification revealed the hypusine-dependent binding of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A to the translating 80S ribosomal complex

Li-En Jao, Kuang Yu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only protein in nature that contains hypusine, an unusual amino acid formed post-translationally in two steps by deoxyhypusine synthase and deoxyhypusine hydroxylase. Genes encoding eIF5A or deoxyhypusine synthase are essential for cell survival and proliferation. To determine the physiological function of eIF5A, we have employed the tandem affinity purification (TAP) method and mass spectrometry to search for and identify the potential eIF5A-interacting proteins. The TAP-tag was fused in-frame to chromosomal TIF51A gene and eIF5A-TAP fusion protein expressed at its natural level was used as the bait to fish out its interacting partners. At salt concentrations of 150 mM, deoxyhypusine synthase was the only protein bound to eIF5A. As salt concentrations were lowered to 125 mM or less, eIF5A interacted with a set of proteins, which were identified as the components of the 80S ribosome complex. The eIF5A-ribosome interaction was sensitive to RNase and EDTA treatments, indicating the requirement of RNA and the joining of 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits for the interaction. Importantly, a single mutation of hypusine to arginine completely abolished the eIF5A-ribosome interaction. Sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis of log versus stationary phase cells and eIF3 mutant strain showed that the endogenous eIF5A co-sedimented with the actively translating 80S ribosomes and polyribosomes in an RNase- and EDTA-sensitive manner. Our study demonstrates for the first time that eIF5A interacts in a hypusine-dependent manner with a molecular complex rather than a single protein, suggesting that the essential function of eIF5A is mostly likely mediated through its interaction with the actively translating ribosomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-598
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Eukaryotic Initiation Factors
Purification
Ribosomes
Proteins
deoxyhypusine hydroxylase
Ribonucleases
Edetic Acid
hypusine
Eukaryotic Large Ribosome Subunits
Salts
Eukaryotic Small Ribosome Subunits
Gene encoding
Polyribosomes
Sedimentation
Joining
Fish
Genes
Mass spectrometry
Sucrose
Arginine

Keywords

  • 80S ribosome
  • Binding partners
  • eIF5A
  • Hypusine
  • Tandem affinity purification (TAP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Tandem affinity purification revealed the hypusine-dependent binding of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A to the translating 80S ribosomal complex",
abstract = "Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only protein in nature that contains hypusine, an unusual amino acid formed post-translationally in two steps by deoxyhypusine synthase and deoxyhypusine hydroxylase. Genes encoding eIF5A or deoxyhypusine synthase are essential for cell survival and proliferation. To determine the physiological function of eIF5A, we have employed the tandem affinity purification (TAP) method and mass spectrometry to search for and identify the potential eIF5A-interacting proteins. The TAP-tag was fused in-frame to chromosomal TIF51A gene and eIF5A-TAP fusion protein expressed at its natural level was used as the bait to fish out its interacting partners. At salt concentrations of 150 mM, deoxyhypusine synthase was the only protein bound to eIF5A. As salt concentrations were lowered to 125 mM or less, eIF5A interacted with a set of proteins, which were identified as the components of the 80S ribosome complex. The eIF5A-ribosome interaction was sensitive to RNase and EDTA treatments, indicating the requirement of RNA and the joining of 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits for the interaction. Importantly, a single mutation of hypusine to arginine completely abolished the eIF5A-ribosome interaction. Sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis of log versus stationary phase cells and eIF3 mutant strain showed that the endogenous eIF5A co-sedimented with the actively translating 80S ribosomes and polyribosomes in an RNase- and EDTA-sensitive manner. Our study demonstrates for the first time that eIF5A interacts in a hypusine-dependent manner with a molecular complex rather than a single protein, suggesting that the essential function of eIF5A is mostly likely mediated through its interaction with the actively translating ribosomes.",
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T1 - Tandem affinity purification revealed the hypusine-dependent binding of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A to the translating 80S ribosomal complex

AU - Jao, Li-En

AU - Chen, Kuang Yu

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N2 - Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only protein in nature that contains hypusine, an unusual amino acid formed post-translationally in two steps by deoxyhypusine synthase and deoxyhypusine hydroxylase. Genes encoding eIF5A or deoxyhypusine synthase are essential for cell survival and proliferation. To determine the physiological function of eIF5A, we have employed the tandem affinity purification (TAP) method and mass spectrometry to search for and identify the potential eIF5A-interacting proteins. The TAP-tag was fused in-frame to chromosomal TIF51A gene and eIF5A-TAP fusion protein expressed at its natural level was used as the bait to fish out its interacting partners. At salt concentrations of 150 mM, deoxyhypusine synthase was the only protein bound to eIF5A. As salt concentrations were lowered to 125 mM or less, eIF5A interacted with a set of proteins, which were identified as the components of the 80S ribosome complex. The eIF5A-ribosome interaction was sensitive to RNase and EDTA treatments, indicating the requirement of RNA and the joining of 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits for the interaction. Importantly, a single mutation of hypusine to arginine completely abolished the eIF5A-ribosome interaction. Sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis of log versus stationary phase cells and eIF3 mutant strain showed that the endogenous eIF5A co-sedimented with the actively translating 80S ribosomes and polyribosomes in an RNase- and EDTA-sensitive manner. Our study demonstrates for the first time that eIF5A interacts in a hypusine-dependent manner with a molecular complex rather than a single protein, suggesting that the essential function of eIF5A is mostly likely mediated through its interaction with the actively translating ribosomes.

AB - Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only protein in nature that contains hypusine, an unusual amino acid formed post-translationally in two steps by deoxyhypusine synthase and deoxyhypusine hydroxylase. Genes encoding eIF5A or deoxyhypusine synthase are essential for cell survival and proliferation. To determine the physiological function of eIF5A, we have employed the tandem affinity purification (TAP) method and mass spectrometry to search for and identify the potential eIF5A-interacting proteins. The TAP-tag was fused in-frame to chromosomal TIF51A gene and eIF5A-TAP fusion protein expressed at its natural level was used as the bait to fish out its interacting partners. At salt concentrations of 150 mM, deoxyhypusine synthase was the only protein bound to eIF5A. As salt concentrations were lowered to 125 mM or less, eIF5A interacted with a set of proteins, which were identified as the components of the 80S ribosome complex. The eIF5A-ribosome interaction was sensitive to RNase and EDTA treatments, indicating the requirement of RNA and the joining of 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits for the interaction. Importantly, a single mutation of hypusine to arginine completely abolished the eIF5A-ribosome interaction. Sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis of log versus stationary phase cells and eIF3 mutant strain showed that the endogenous eIF5A co-sedimented with the actively translating 80S ribosomes and polyribosomes in an RNase- and EDTA-sensitive manner. Our study demonstrates for the first time that eIF5A interacts in a hypusine-dependent manner with a molecular complex rather than a single protein, suggesting that the essential function of eIF5A is mostly likely mediated through its interaction with the actively translating ribosomes.

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KW - Hypusine

KW - Tandem affinity purification (TAP)

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