Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents

Hyun Bae Kim, Charles L Stebbins, Joo Hee Chai, Jong Kook Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we determined the specificity of a low frequency taekwondo training programme on physical fitness levels in adolescent females who receive limited physical education instruction (i.e. 2 days per week). Major components of physical fitness assessed were: skeletal muscle fitness (hand grip strength, bent arm hang, standing long jump, and isokinetic strength), flexibility (sit-and-reach test), speed and agility (10 × 5-m shuttle run), and cardiovascular fitness (V̇O2max and 20-m shuttle run). Changes in body composition were also assessed (dual X-ray absorptiometry, DXA). Participants were divided into two groups, a taekwondo training group (n = 21), which trained 50 min a day, 2 days per week for 12 weeks, and a control group (n = 10). Taekwondo training improved isokinetic strength, standing long jump, and sit-and-reach performance. Body fat mass and percent body fat were reduced. No changes in grip strength, bent arm hang time, speed and agility, or cardiorespiratory fitness were observed. Results indicate that low frequency taekwondo training in adolescent females produces beneficial changes in skeletal muscle fitness, flexibility, and body composition in a relatively short period of time. Consequently, this specific type of training can be useful to female adolescents in structured school environments where physical education classes are limited and there is little free time for physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Hand Strength
Physical Education and Training
Physical Fitness
Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Photon Absorptiometry
Exercise
Education
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Flexibility
  • Skeletal muscle fitness
  • Speed and agility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Kim, H. B., Stebbins, C. L., Chai, J. H., & Song, J. K. (2011). Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(2), 133-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.525519

Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents. / Kim, Hyun Bae; Stebbins, Charles L; Chai, Joo Hee; Song, Jong Kook.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 29, No. 2, 01.2011, p. 133-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, HB, Stebbins, CL, Chai, JH & Song, JK 2011, 'Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents', Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 133-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.525519
Kim, Hyun Bae ; Stebbins, Charles L ; Chai, Joo Hee ; Song, Jong Kook. / Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 133-138.
@article{b2a6668eb7cd44bf94682b1ae8793d37,
title = "Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents",
abstract = "In this study, we determined the specificity of a low frequency taekwondo training programme on physical fitness levels in adolescent females who receive limited physical education instruction (i.e. 2 days per week). Major components of physical fitness assessed were: skeletal muscle fitness (hand grip strength, bent arm hang, standing long jump, and isokinetic strength), flexibility (sit-and-reach test), speed and agility (10 × 5-m shuttle run), and cardiovascular fitness (V̇O2max and 20-m shuttle run). Changes in body composition were also assessed (dual X-ray absorptiometry, DXA). Participants were divided into two groups, a taekwondo training group (n = 21), which trained 50 min a day, 2 days per week for 12 weeks, and a control group (n = 10). Taekwondo training improved isokinetic strength, standing long jump, and sit-and-reach performance. Body fat mass and percent body fat were reduced. No changes in grip strength, bent arm hang time, speed and agility, or cardiorespiratory fitness were observed. Results indicate that low frequency taekwondo training in adolescent females produces beneficial changes in skeletal muscle fitness, flexibility, and body composition in a relatively short period of time. Consequently, this specific type of training can be useful to female adolescents in structured school environments where physical education classes are limited and there is little free time for physical activity.",
keywords = "Cardiorespiratory fitness, Flexibility, Skeletal muscle fitness, Speed and agility",
author = "Kim, {Hyun Bae} and Stebbins, {Charles L} and Chai, {Joo Hee} and Song, {Jong Kook}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2010.525519",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "133--138",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Taekwondo training and fitness in female adolescents

AU - Kim, Hyun Bae

AU - Stebbins, Charles L

AU - Chai, Joo Hee

AU - Song, Jong Kook

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - In this study, we determined the specificity of a low frequency taekwondo training programme on physical fitness levels in adolescent females who receive limited physical education instruction (i.e. 2 days per week). Major components of physical fitness assessed were: skeletal muscle fitness (hand grip strength, bent arm hang, standing long jump, and isokinetic strength), flexibility (sit-and-reach test), speed and agility (10 × 5-m shuttle run), and cardiovascular fitness (V̇O2max and 20-m shuttle run). Changes in body composition were also assessed (dual X-ray absorptiometry, DXA). Participants were divided into two groups, a taekwondo training group (n = 21), which trained 50 min a day, 2 days per week for 12 weeks, and a control group (n = 10). Taekwondo training improved isokinetic strength, standing long jump, and sit-and-reach performance. Body fat mass and percent body fat were reduced. No changes in grip strength, bent arm hang time, speed and agility, or cardiorespiratory fitness were observed. Results indicate that low frequency taekwondo training in adolescent females produces beneficial changes in skeletal muscle fitness, flexibility, and body composition in a relatively short period of time. Consequently, this specific type of training can be useful to female adolescents in structured school environments where physical education classes are limited and there is little free time for physical activity.

AB - In this study, we determined the specificity of a low frequency taekwondo training programme on physical fitness levels in adolescent females who receive limited physical education instruction (i.e. 2 days per week). Major components of physical fitness assessed were: skeletal muscle fitness (hand grip strength, bent arm hang, standing long jump, and isokinetic strength), flexibility (sit-and-reach test), speed and agility (10 × 5-m shuttle run), and cardiovascular fitness (V̇O2max and 20-m shuttle run). Changes in body composition were also assessed (dual X-ray absorptiometry, DXA). Participants were divided into two groups, a taekwondo training group (n = 21), which trained 50 min a day, 2 days per week for 12 weeks, and a control group (n = 10). Taekwondo training improved isokinetic strength, standing long jump, and sit-and-reach performance. Body fat mass and percent body fat were reduced. No changes in grip strength, bent arm hang time, speed and agility, or cardiorespiratory fitness were observed. Results indicate that low frequency taekwondo training in adolescent females produces beneficial changes in skeletal muscle fitness, flexibility, and body composition in a relatively short period of time. Consequently, this specific type of training can be useful to female adolescents in structured school environments where physical education classes are limited and there is little free time for physical activity.

KW - Cardiorespiratory fitness

KW - Flexibility

KW - Skeletal muscle fitness

KW - Speed and agility

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650269579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650269579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2010.525519

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2010.525519

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 133

EP - 138

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 2

ER -