A 1-year-old male Boxer dog presented with sustained supraventricular tachycardia and tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Conversion to sinus rhythm was achieved initially with intravenous lignocaine and subsequently with oral procainamide. Oral procainamide treatment was relatively successful in maintaining normal sinus rhythm with no side effects apart from a reversible change in coat colour. Electrophysiological studies demonstrated the presence of an accessory pathway connecting the right atrium to the right ventricle and confirmed the diagnosis of orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of the accessory pathway led to permanent resolution of the supraventricular tachycardia and for 9.5 years the dog has had no further signs of cardiac disease. The successful treatment of this condition highlights the importance of differentiating tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy from dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Accessory pathway
- Radiofrequency catheter ablation
- Supraventricular tachycardia
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