HIV entry is determined by one or more chemokine receptors. T cell- tropic viruses bind CXCR4, whereas macrophage-tropic viruses use CCR5 and other CCRs. Infection with CXCR4 and CCR5-tropic HIV requires initial binding to CD4, and chemotaxis induced by the CCR5-tropic envelope has been reported to be strictly dependent on CD4 binding. We demonstrate that, in contrast to CD4-dependent gp120 signaling via CCR5, envelope signaling through CXCR4 is CD4 independent, inducing chemotaxis of both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Signaling by virus or soluble envelope through CXCR4 may affect pathogenesis by attracting and activating target and effector cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - May 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas