Systems antecedents for dissemination and implementation: A review and analysis of measures

Karen M. Emmons, Bryan Weiner, Maria Eulalia Fernandez, Shin-Ping Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is a growing emphasis on the role of organizations as settings for dissemination and implementation. Only recently has the field begun to consider features of organizations that affect dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions. This manuscript identifies and evaluates available measures for five key organizational-level constructs: (a) leadership, (b) vision, (c) managerial relations, (d) climate, and (e) absorptive capacity. Overall the picture was the same across the five constructs-no measure was used in more than one study, many studies did not report the psychometric properties of the measures, some assessments were based on a single response per unit, and the level of the instrument and analysis did not always match. One must seriously consider the development and evaluation of a robust set of measures that will serve as the basis of building the field, allow for comparisons across organizational types and intervention topics, and allow a robust area of dissemination and implementation research to develop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-105
Number of pages19
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • cancer prevention and screening
  • chronic disease management
  • health promotion
  • research design
  • work site health promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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