Synthesis, structure, and properties of Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11

Julia Y. Chan, Marilyn M. Olmstead, Håkon Hope, Susan M. Kauzlarich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The compounds Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 have been prepared from the elements in Ta containers by heating at 1100°C and then slowly cooled to 1000°C over 4 days. These compounds are isostructural with the Zintl-phase Ca16Sb11 and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P421m (Z=2). The structures were determined from single-crystal X-ray data (T=143 K) for Eu16Sb11 (a=12.674 (2) Å, c=11.720 (2) Å, R1=4.04% wR2= 10.84%), and Eu16Bi11 (a=12.885 (2) Å, c=11.883 (4) Å, R1=6.09%, wR2=15.24%). The Ca16Sb11 structure type can be described as pairs of face-shared square antiprisms that are joined by means of a square prism to form a columnar chain composed of Ca2+ cations and centered by Sb anions along the c axis. The columns are associated by means of Ca-Ca bonds that alternate long and short along the c axis in a ladder-like fashion. Along the a and b axes, there is an intergrowth of square prism, antiprism columns alternating with columns of face-sharing hexagonal antiprisms. The structures of these Eu compounds are compared with those of Ca16Sb11. Temperature-dependent resistivity of Eu16Sb11 indicates that it is a semiconductor. Magnetization measurements show that Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 are paramagnetic. The effective moment in the paramagnetic state for Eu16Sb11 is μ(exp)=32.2 (1) μ(B) per formula unit (8.06 (3) μ(B)/Eu atom) and for Eu16Bi11, μ(exp)=33.6 (2) μ(B)/formula unit (8.40) (6)μ(B)/Eu atom), consistent with divalent Eu2+ cations (μ(eff)=7.94 μ(B)/Eu atom). (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-176
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume155
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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Prisms
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prisms
synthesis
Positive ions
atoms
cations
Divalent Cations
Ladders
containers
ladders
Anions
Containers
Cations
Magnetization
Negative ions
Single crystals
Semiconductor materials
anions
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Chan, J. Y., Olmstead, M. M., Hope, H., & Kauzlarich, S. M. (2000). Synthesis, structure, and properties of Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 155(1), 168-176. https://doi.org/10.1006/jssc.2000.8931

Synthesis, structure, and properties of Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11. / Chan, Julia Y.; Olmstead, Marilyn M.; Hope, Håkon; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 155, No. 1, 2000, p. 168-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chan, JY, Olmstead, MM, Hope, H & Kauzlarich, SM 2000, 'Synthesis, structure, and properties of Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11', Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 155, no. 1, pp. 168-176. https://doi.org/10.1006/jssc.2000.8931
Chan, Julia Y. ; Olmstead, Marilyn M. ; Hope, Håkon ; Kauzlarich, Susan M. / Synthesis, structure, and properties of Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11. In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 2000 ; Vol. 155, No. 1. pp. 168-176.
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abstract = "The compounds Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 have been prepared from the elements in Ta containers by heating at 1100°C and then slowly cooled to 1000°C over 4 days. These compounds are isostructural with the Zintl-phase Ca16Sb11 and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P421m (Z=2). The structures were determined from single-crystal X-ray data (T=143 K) for Eu16Sb11 (a=12.674 (2) {\AA}, c=11.720 (2) {\AA}, R1=4.04{\%} wR2= 10.84{\%}), and Eu16Bi11 (a=12.885 (2) {\AA}, c=11.883 (4) {\AA}, R1=6.09{\%}, wR2=15.24{\%}). The Ca16Sb11 structure type can be described as pairs of face-shared square antiprisms that are joined by means of a square prism to form a columnar chain composed of Ca2+ cations and centered by Sb anions along the c axis. The columns are associated by means of Ca-Ca bonds that alternate long and short along the c axis in a ladder-like fashion. Along the a and b axes, there is an intergrowth of square prism, antiprism columns alternating with columns of face-sharing hexagonal antiprisms. The structures of these Eu compounds are compared with those of Ca16Sb11. Temperature-dependent resistivity of Eu16Sb11 indicates that it is a semiconductor. Magnetization measurements show that Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 are paramagnetic. The effective moment in the paramagnetic state for Eu16Sb11 is μ(exp)=32.2 (1) μ(B) per formula unit (8.06 (3) μ(B)/Eu atom) and for Eu16Bi11, μ(exp)=33.6 (2) μ(B)/formula unit (8.40) (6)μ(B)/Eu atom), consistent with divalent Eu2+ cations (μ(eff)=7.94 μ(B)/Eu atom). (C) 2000 Academic Press.",
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N2 - The compounds Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 have been prepared from the elements in Ta containers by heating at 1100°C and then slowly cooled to 1000°C over 4 days. These compounds are isostructural with the Zintl-phase Ca16Sb11 and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P421m (Z=2). The structures were determined from single-crystal X-ray data (T=143 K) for Eu16Sb11 (a=12.674 (2) Å, c=11.720 (2) Å, R1=4.04% wR2= 10.84%), and Eu16Bi11 (a=12.885 (2) Å, c=11.883 (4) Å, R1=6.09%, wR2=15.24%). The Ca16Sb11 structure type can be described as pairs of face-shared square antiprisms that are joined by means of a square prism to form a columnar chain composed of Ca2+ cations and centered by Sb anions along the c axis. The columns are associated by means of Ca-Ca bonds that alternate long and short along the c axis in a ladder-like fashion. Along the a and b axes, there is an intergrowth of square prism, antiprism columns alternating with columns of face-sharing hexagonal antiprisms. The structures of these Eu compounds are compared with those of Ca16Sb11. Temperature-dependent resistivity of Eu16Sb11 indicates that it is a semiconductor. Magnetization measurements show that Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 are paramagnetic. The effective moment in the paramagnetic state for Eu16Sb11 is μ(exp)=32.2 (1) μ(B) per formula unit (8.06 (3) μ(B)/Eu atom) and for Eu16Bi11, μ(exp)=33.6 (2) μ(B)/formula unit (8.40) (6)μ(B)/Eu atom), consistent with divalent Eu2+ cations (μ(eff)=7.94 μ(B)/Eu atom). (C) 2000 Academic Press.

AB - The compounds Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 have been prepared from the elements in Ta containers by heating at 1100°C and then slowly cooled to 1000°C over 4 days. These compounds are isostructural with the Zintl-phase Ca16Sb11 and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P421m (Z=2). The structures were determined from single-crystal X-ray data (T=143 K) for Eu16Sb11 (a=12.674 (2) Å, c=11.720 (2) Å, R1=4.04% wR2= 10.84%), and Eu16Bi11 (a=12.885 (2) Å, c=11.883 (4) Å, R1=6.09%, wR2=15.24%). The Ca16Sb11 structure type can be described as pairs of face-shared square antiprisms that are joined by means of a square prism to form a columnar chain composed of Ca2+ cations and centered by Sb anions along the c axis. The columns are associated by means of Ca-Ca bonds that alternate long and short along the c axis in a ladder-like fashion. Along the a and b axes, there is an intergrowth of square prism, antiprism columns alternating with columns of face-sharing hexagonal antiprisms. The structures of these Eu compounds are compared with those of Ca16Sb11. Temperature-dependent resistivity of Eu16Sb11 indicates that it is a semiconductor. Magnetization measurements show that Eu16Sb11 and Eu16Bi11 are paramagnetic. The effective moment in the paramagnetic state for Eu16Sb11 is μ(exp)=32.2 (1) μ(B) per formula unit (8.06 (3) μ(B)/Eu atom) and for Eu16Bi11, μ(exp)=33.6 (2) μ(B)/formula unit (8.40) (6)μ(B)/Eu atom), consistent with divalent Eu2+ cations (μ(eff)=7.94 μ(B)/Eu atom). (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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